Catastrophic Failure of Tailings Dam in Brazil
A risk of static liquefaction has previously been studied with iron ore tailings in the mine’s area. It is much too early to know the cause or causes of the Samarco site failure, though.Get Price
liquefaction – Maritime Accident Casebook
Liquefaction of iron ore fines was implicated in the sinking of MV Black Rose in September 2009 with the death of the ship’s chief engineer as he desperately tried to save the vessel. MV Asian Forest , which sank in July 2009 off Mangalore and remains off the Indian coast, was another victim of …Get Price
June 2018 Loss Prevention Liquefaction of Mineral Ores and ...
Liquefaction of Mineral Ores and Mineral Concentrates June 2018 Introduction Solid bulk cargoes such as unprocessed mineral ... or iron ore fines containing 35% or more goethite. As stated in the IMSBC Code – p 23 Section 4 .2 – Provision of Information, the shipper has anGet Price
MARITIME BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION
Liquefaction is a phenomenon in which a soillike material is abruptly transformed from a solid dry ... IRON ORE FINES AND IRON CONCENTRATE (SINTER FEED) 11 BAUXITE 12Get Price
Iron Ore Fines NEPIA
Iron Ore Fines IMSBC Code Schedule Due to the problems associated with liquefaction, a specific schedule for the carriage of Iron Ore Fines and an amended schedule for the carriage of Iron Ore are included from the 2016 version of the IMSBC Code.Get Price
Claims Report | Cargo Iron Ore Fines New Flame ...
Liquefaction of Iron Ore Fine s from India NEW MEMBERS FC = Charterer’s Freight Demurrage Defence FO = Freight Demurrage Defence HM = Hull Machinery LH = Loss of HireGet Price
Liquefaction Nautical Institute
April 2017 Despite an improvement in the awareness of the risks associated with the carriage of cargoes such as iron ore fines, coal, manganese ore fines and nickel ore, incidents involving liquefaction continue to occur, sometimes with catastrophic and tragic results. The main, mandatory requirements for the safe carriage of solid bulk ...Get Price
Investigating the Susceptibility of Iron Ore to Liquefaction
Investigating the Susceptibility of Iron Ore to Liquefaction ... Track Citations; Permissions; Share. Abstract. Liquefaction of cargo in a bulk carrier can cause the cargo to shift, which in turn can cause a ship to list and eventually can cause the ship to capsize. When liquefaction occurs, a material undergoes a transition from a solid to a ...Get Price
Bulk cargo liquefaction DNV GL
Liquefaction is a phenomenon in which a soillike material is abruptly transformed from a solid dry state to an almost fluid state. Many common bulk cargoes, such as iron ore fines, nickel ore and various mineral concentrates, are examples of materials that may liquefy.Get Price
Iron Ore Fines After Loading In The Hold Of A Bulk Carrier ...
iron ore fines after loading in the hold of a bulk carrier on website, 3 cargo hold with wet iron ore fines photo courtesy of brookes bell wet nickel ore cargo water found during loading of nickel ore cargo what is liquefaction, top articles bulk carrier types ore carriers obo ships forest product carrier self unloader and more ...Get Price
Bulk cargo liquefaction Norwegian Hull Club
Bulk cargo liquefaction By Alex Gullen, Senior Claims Handler, Norwegian Hull Club Introduction: Shipping is a truly derivative industry, susceptible and constantly required to adapt to the vagaries of ... Nickel and Iron ore are key base constituents required for the production of steel. Bauxite is neededGet Price
Undrained monotonic triaxial loading behaviors of a type ...
Concerning the static liquefaction properties of an industrial cargo, , iron ore fines (IOF), undrained monotonic behaviors of a type of IOF are revealed through conducting triaxial compression tests.Get Price
(PDF) Moisture content limit of iron ore fines for the ...
Moisture content limit of iron ore fines for the prevention of liquefaction in bulk carriers Conference Paper (PDF Available) in Marine Structures 40 · October 2014 with 1,117 ReadsGet Price
liquefaction. This Standard Cargo has an emphasis on iron ore fines from India and nickel ore from Indonesia and the Philippines, but the advice in it is also applicable to other cargos susceptible to liquefaction. The issue of liquefaction affects bulk carriers of all sizes, but liquefactionGet Price
Iron ore loading causes of iron ore liquefaction during ...
Iron ore loading causes of iron ore liquefaction during sea passage countermeasures Most dry cargo ship losses mainly involved while carrying ores and, …Get Price
Iron ore fines before and after liquefaction. 2014 5 safe sailing conditions for a cargo with unsafe moisture content. Liquefaction can occur unpredictably even in relatively calm conditions on a vessel at anchorage or proceeding at low speed. It is for these reasons that SOLASGet Price
CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS
CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS Captain Tugsan, ISIACIK COLAK, Tanzer, SATIR ... concentrate cargoes, such as iron ore and nickel ore, affect ship stability negatively. ... Fig 2: Iron ore fines before and after liquefaction  ACCIDENTS and TOTAL LOSS DUE TO CARGO LIQUEFACTIONGet Price
Current Claims: Liquefaction UK PI
Current Claims: Liquefaction. In this section. The Club would like to highlight concern that surround cargoes that are subject to Liquefaction such as Iron Ore and Nickel Ore. The Club would like to remind its members of the issues surrounding these cargoes.Get Price
The sinking of a bauxite carrier, and why it could have ...
Iron ore cargoes, especially fines, can undergo liquefaction easily with elevated moisture contents. Iron ore is often stored in the open and can get wet, so moisture contents and the ability of the cargo to flow have to be carefully monitored before and during loading onto a ship.Get Price
Tackling Cargo Liquefaction UK PI
Tackling Cargo Liquefaction. Date: 11/08/2016. Author: Christopher Karageorgis. Share: Tweet Share on LinkedIn Share on Facebook Share on Facebook. In recent years the shipping world has experienced a number of incidents which have been attributed to liquefaction of cargoes of iron ore fines and nickel ore, which are frequently presented for ...Get Price
Tackling Cargo Liquefaction Cambiaso Risso Group
Nickel ore, iron ore fines and bauxite for instance, have all exhibited liquefaction properties despite being originally unclassified or listed as Group C cargoes. Nickel Ore …Get Price
Effect of saturation on liquefaction resistance of iron ...
Effect of saturation on liquefaction resistance of iron ore fines and two sandy soils. ... of saturated and unsaturated iron ore fines and two sandy soils were conducted using a triaxial apparatus to reveal the liquefaction behavior of iron ore fines and to find the key parameters governing R L,unsat. Through comparisons, it was found that the ...Get Price
Iron ore (fines) Cargo Handbook the world's largest ...
Iron Ore (fines) (Liquefaction) ‘Fines’ is a general term used to indicate the physical form of a mineral or similar cargo and, as the name suggests, such cargoes include a large proportion of small particles.Get Price
11 Million Tons of Indian Iron Ore Could Be Deadly – gCaptain
11 Million Tons of Indian Iron Ore Could Be Deadly. January 23, 2014 by Rob Almeida. 250 shares. ... Other cargoes such as nickel ore are also prone to liquefaction.” ...Get Price
SOLID BULK SHIPPING: CARGO SHIFT, LIQUEFACTION AND …
Solid Bulk Shipping: Cargo Shift, Liquefaction and the Transportable Moisture Limit A thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Science Timothy Paul Rose St Cross College, Oxford Michaelmas Term, 2014 If some solid bulk cargoes such as concentrates, unprocessed nickel ores and iron ore finesGet Price
Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes UK PI
liquefaction, nickel ore, cargoes, Philippines, Indonesia, members, risks, clay, exports ... Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes. Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes. Date: 20/08/2015. ... Bulk carriers have been facing the issue of Liquefaction for a long time with the loss of some ships being attributed to liquefaction of Iron Ore exported from ...Get Price
India: Iron Ore Fines Risk of Liquefaction | West of ...
Various types of iron ore may fall into this category including iron ore fines, sinter feed and pellet feed. The BC Code goes on to say that "a cargo shift caused by liquefaction may occur when the moisture content exceeds the transportable moisture limit (TML)".Get Price
Safe carriage of Iron ores other iron concentrates in bulk
If a blended ironore cargo contains any metallic iron it should be regarded as DRI (C) and carried in accordance with the IMSBC Code. Problem with Mill Scale Mill Scale, a by product of hot rolled steelmaking, is a bulk commodity liable to liquefaction, like iron ore fines.Get Price
(PDF) Cargo liquefaction in bulk carriers: a review
Cargo liquefaction in bulk carriers: a review. ... large research programs with similar objectives have been performed by three major iron ore producing companies. ... to liquefaction. As “iron ...Get Price
Intercargo: Cargo Liquefaction Still a Major Risk for Dry ...
Moisture related cargo failure mechanisms, known as liquefaction, continue to be a major concern for dry bulk shipping, according to the International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (Intercargo). ... Those 9 bulk carrier losses comprised 6 vessels loaded with nickel ore from Indonesia, 2 vessels with laterite (clay) iron ore from India ...Get Price
New IMSBC Code requirements aim to control liquefaction of ...
The coal TML method is a modified Proctor/Fagerberg (PF) procedure which is significantly different from the existing PF methods (, those modified for iron ore fines) in that there is a new ...Get Price
Cargo liquefaction GARD
Gard News 205: Cargo liquefaction An update Gard News 205: IMSBC Code amendments regarding cargoes that may liquefy Gard News 197: Liquefaction of unprocessed mineral ores Iron ore fines and nickel oreGet Price
Introduction and Industry recommendations
Introduction and Industry recommendations: In our last article we focused on bulk cargo liquefaction associated with the three key mineral ore trades of iron, nickel and bauxite from countries that experience significant monsoon/rainy seasons.Get Price